Monitoring your live site is a pretty good idea - that’s generally agreed. Same goes for visual regression testing. Doing it, however, is hard. Enough so that very few companies actually do visual regression testing/monitoring, so don’t feel bad if you haven’t either until now. But after reading this post you should seriously consider doing it. Or at least give it a try.
For example, here’s an overview of how we could monitor Twitter, if someone would actually ask us to (as always you can jump right into the repository):
Visual Regression is Hard
Getting a baseline screenshot of a page requires some thinking, and a bit of trial and error. Twitter’s main page has lots of dynamic content: the user’s tweets count, followers, trending topics, actual tweets etc. Obviously our screenshot cannot include that info.
Luckily webdriverCSS already comes with some commands that help us to
exclude (place a black rectangle) or even
remove (completely hide) an element.
In the test file you can see we selected only the CSS selectors that need to be excluded or removed, leaving our page with some data, but not all of it. Don’t be discouraged by not covering 100% though. Even with some parts hidden we have already asserted so much functionality - certainly more than having no visual test in place.
Functional testing for dynamic parts
A screenshot is a powerful tool, but not the only one. We still have functional testing frameworks in our toolbelt. Behat can easily be used to assert that the number of tweets feature is working.
In the time of writing @gizra_drupal has about 340 tweets. So we could write a simple test that will assert that there’s a minimum of 300 tweets (giving us the flexibility to delete a few without breaking the tests).
The Behat PHP code to implement this is fairly straight forward. It finds the value in the HTML, converts it into an integer, and asserts it has a minimum value.
Up until now we didn’t need Shoov, which is good, since Shoov is agnostic to which tools you use - it’s only there to help you deal with the accumulated images and regressions.
It’s important to realize that once you go down the visual regression road it’s hard to stop. Suddenly PhantomJS isn’t good enough, if you can use BrowserStack or SauceLabs to validate the site on many platforms and browsers. Testing your site on just one screen size isn’t enough either.
webdriverCSS comes with the powerful
screenWidth property, which should make it super simple to test multiple view ports soon as this issue is fixed.
- We now have a Shoov.io page, which is updated from time to time with new info.
- app.shoov.io is now the app site, sitting on Amazon S3 and CloudFront with SSL certificate, so you should feel safer using it.
- “Dev Tips” is a new concept we’ve introduced. Since the site and all of its sub-components are open sourced, we have added a few tips in each page to help you - the developer - to better understand how the system works, and maybe even encourage you to contribute.